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News Release Details

Brink's Reports Record First-Quarter Results

May 10, 2022 at 7:30 AM EDT

Record Revenue, Operating Profit, Net Income, Adjusted EBITDA and EPS
Full-Year Guidance Affirmed

1Q Highlights:

  • Revenue up 10%, reflecting 9% organic growth
  • Operating profit: GAAP up 1% to $62M; non-GAAP up 24% to $112M
  • Operating margin: GAAP 5.8%; non-GAAP 10.4%
  • GAAP net income $71M vs $13M; adjusted EBITDA up 21% to $165M
  • EPS: GAAP $1.48 vs $0.25; non-GAAP up 46% to $1.15
  • Non-GAAP excludes a one-time $58M tax benefit and a one-time $17M receivables reserve related primarily to customers impacted by the pandemic

RICHMOND, Va., May 10, 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- The Brink’s Company (NYSE:BCO), the global leader in total cash management, route-based secure logistics and payment solutions, today announced first-quarter results.

Mark Eubanks, president and CEO, said: “Our record first-quarter results include revenue growth of 10%, operating profit growth of 24%, a 21% increase in adjusted EBITDA and EPS growth of 46%. These results clearly demonstrate the resiliency of our business and support our confidence in achieving our 2022 full-year guidance and 2024 financial targets.

“Global cash in circulation continues to rise, and in-person retail sales in the U.S. now exceed pre-pandemic levels. We expect full-year revenue to return to at least pre-Covid levels, with continued margin expansion and operating leverage driven by internal efficiency initiatives and fixed cost reductions. We anticipate demand for Brink’s Complete and our ATM managed services to increase as the pandemic subsides and more economies reopen. As we move through the year, pricing should continue to offset inflationary pressures and we do not expect global supply chain disruptions to materially affect our operations. Our 2022 guidance remains unchanged, with revenue expected to exceed 2019 reported results by close to $1 billion and cumulative margin improvement of approximately 150 basis points from pre-pandemic levels.”

First-quarter GAAP net income of $71 million includes a one-time $58 million tax benefit and a one-time $17 million receivables reserve related primarily to customers impacted by the pandemic. Both items are excluded from non-GAAP results. See GAAP to non-GAAP reconciliation on page 11.

First-quarter results are summarized in the following table.

(In millions, except for per share amounts)First Quarter 2022 (vs. 2021)
 GAAP Change(b) Non-GAAP Change Constant Currency Change(c)
Revenue$1,074  10% $1,074  10% 13%
Operating Profit$62  1% $112  24% 29%
Operating Margin 5.8% (50 bps)  10.4% 120 bps 130 bps
Net Income(d) / Adjusted EBITDA(a)$71  fav $165  21% 24%
EPS$1.48  fav $1.15  46% 52%


(a)The non-GAAP financial metric, adjusted EBITDA, is presented with its corresponding GAAP metric, net income attributable to Brink's.
(b)The “fav” represents a change greater than 100% in a direction favorable to the company or a change from a negative amount in the prior period to a positive amount in the current period.
(c)Constant currency represents 2022 Non-GAAP results at 2021 exchange rates.
(d)First-quarter GAAP net income of $71 million includes a one-time $58 million tax benefit and a one-time $17 million receivables reserve related primarily to customers impacted by the pandemic. Both items are excluded from non-GAAP results.


2022 Guidance (Unaudited)
(In millions, except for percentages and per share amounts)

  2022 GAAP Outlook(b) Reconciling Items(a) 2022 Non-GAAP Outlook(a) Non-GAAP
% Change
vs. 2021
Revenues$4,520 – 4,670  4,520 – 4,670 8 – 11%
         
Operating profit 455 – 490 90 545 – 580 16 – 23%
         
EPS from continuing operations attributable to Brink's$4.80 – 5.35 ~0.68 5.50 – 6.00 16 – 26%
         
Operating profit margin 10.1 – 10.5% ~2.0% 12.1 – 12.4% 90 – 120 bps
         
Free cash flow before dividends(c)     280 – 315 15 – 29%
         
Adjusted EBITDA     755 – 790 11 – 16%
         
Adjusted EBITDA margin     16.7 – 16.9% 40 – 60 bps

Amounts may not add due to rounding

(a)The 2022 Non-GAAP outlook amounts exclude certain forecasted Non-GAAP adjusting items, such as intangible asset amortization and U.S. retirement plan costs. We have not forecasted the impact of highly inflationary accounting on our Argentina operations in 2022 or other potential Non-GAAP adjusting items for which the timing and amounts are currently under review, such as future restructuring actions. We have also not forecasted changes in cash held for customer obligations or proceeds from the sale of property, equipment and investments in 2022. The 2022 Non-GAAP outlook amounts for operating profit, EPS from continuing operations, free cash flow before dividends and Adjusted EBITDA cannot be reconciled to GAAP without unreasonable effort. We cannot reconcile these amounts to GAAP because we are unable to accurately forecast the impact of highly inflationary accounting on our Argentina operations in 2022 or other potential Non-GAAP adjusting items for which the timing and amounts are currently under review, such as future restructuring actions. We are also unable to forecast changes in cash held for customer obligations or proceeds from the sale of property, equipment and investments in 2022.
(b)The 2022 GAAP outlook excludes any forecasted impact from highly inflationary accounting on our Argentina operations as well as other potential Non-GAAP adjusting items for which the timing and amounts are currently under review, such as future restructuring actions.
(c)Excludes our initial investment in France to support the take-over of the BPCE ATM network.


Conference Call
Brink’s will host a conference call on May 10 at 8:30 a.m. ET to review first-quarter results.  Interested parties can listen by calling 888-349-0094 (in the U.S.) or 412-902-0124 (international). Participants can preregister at https://dpregister.com/sreg/10166414/f27813536a to receive a direct dial-in number for the call. The call also will be accessible live via webcast on the Brink’s website (www.brinks.com). A replay of the call will be available through May 17, 2022 at 877-344-7529 (in the U.S.) or 412-317-0088 (international). The conference number is 9066479. An archived version of the webcast will be available online in the Investor Relations section of http://investors.brinks.com.

The Brink’s Company and subsidiaries
(In millions, except for per share amounts) (Unaudited)

First-Quarter 2022 vs. 2021

              
GAAP  Organic Acquisitions /     % Change
 1Q'21 Change Dispositions(a) Currency(b) 1Q'22 Total Organic
Revenues:             
North America$317  19  33   369  16  6 
Latin America 270  33  1 (12) 291  8  12 
Europe 214  23  2 (17) 222  4  10 
Rest of World 177  14  6 (5) 192  9  8 
Segment revenues(c)$978  87  42 (33) 1,074  10  9 
              
Revenues - GAAP$978  87  42 (33) 1,074  10  9 
              
Operating profit:             
North America(h)$32  (14) 6   24  (24) (42)
Latin America 59  9   (4) 63  7  14 
Europe 11  5   (1) 15  40  48 
Rest of World 30  3  1 (1) 33  9  8 
Segment operating profit 132  2  7 (6) 135  3  2 
Corporate(d)(h) (42) 16   2  (23) (45) (39)
Operating profit - non-GAAP$90  19  7 (4) 112  24  21 
              
Other items not allocated to segments(e) (28) (23) 4 (2) (50) 75  81 
Operating profit - GAAP$62  (4) 10 (6) 62  1  (7)
              
GAAP interest expense (27)       (28) 3   
GAAP interest and other income (expense) (6)       (1) (76)  
GAAP provision (benefit) for income taxes 14        (41) fav   
GAAP noncontrolling interests 3        3  7   
GAAP income from continuing operations(f) 13        71  fav   
GAAP EPS(f)$0.25        1.48  fav   
GAAP weighted-average diluted shares 50.5        48.3  (4)  
              


               
Non-GAAP(g)  Organic Acquisitions /     % Change 
 1Q'21 Change Dispositions(a) Currency(b) 1Q'22 Total Organic 
               
Segment revenues - GAAP/non-GAAP$978  87 42 (33) 1,074  10  9 
               
Non-GAAP operating profit 90  19 7 (4) 112  24  21 
               
Non-GAAP interest expense (27)       (28) 2    
Non-GAAP interest and other income (expense) 1        2  55    
Non-GAAP provision for income taxes 22        28  29    
Non-GAAP noncontrolling interests 3        3  8    
Non-GAAP income from continuing operations(f) 40        56  39    
Non-GAAP EPS(f)$0.79        1.15  46    
Non-GAAP weighted-average diluted shares 50.5        48.3  (4)   
               


Amounts may not add due to rounding.
(a)Non-GAAP amounts include the impact of prior year comparable period results for acquired and disposed businesses. GAAP results also include the impact of acquisition-related intangible amortization, restructuring and other charges, and disposition related gains/losses.
(b)The amounts in the “Currency” column consist of the effects of Argentina devaluations under highly inflationary accounting and the sum of monthly currency changes. Monthly currency changes represent the accumulation throughout the year of the impact on current period results from changes in foreign currency rates from the prior year period.
(c)Segment revenues equal our total reported non-GAAP revenues.
(d)Corporate expenses are not allocated to segment results. Corporate expenses include salaries and other costs to manage the global business and to perform activities required of public companies.
(e)See pages 7-8 for more information.
(f)Attributable to Brink's.
(g) Non-GAAP results are reconciled to applicable GAAP results on pages 9-12.
(h)As disclosed in the first quarter of 2021, an accrual adjustment was made that resulted in a positive $12.3 million for the North America segment with a corresponding offset to Corporate expense, resulting in no impact to consolidated operating profit for the quarter.
  


The Brink’s Company and subsidiaries
(In millions) (Unaudited)

Selected Items - Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

 December 31, 2021 March 31, 2022
Assets   
Cash and cash equivalents$710.3 733.0
Restricted cash 376.4 313.2
Accounts receivable, net 701.8 771.1
Right-of-use assets, net 299.1 323.4
Property and equipment, net 865.6 870.1
Goodwill and intangibles 1,902.9 1,918.7
Deferred tax assets, net 239.4 292.3
Other 471.2 528.6
    
Total assets$5,566.7 5,750.4
    
Liabilities and Equity   
    
Accounts payable 211.2 199.2
Debt 2,966.7 3,094.4
Retirement benefits 541.5 535.2
Accrued liabilities 877.3 882.0
Lease liabilities 241.8 263.4
Other 475.6 406.4
Total liabilities 5,314.1 5,380.6
    
Equity 252.6 369.8
    
Total liabilities and equity$5,566.7 5,750.4


Selected Items - Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

 Three Months
Ended March 31,
  2021  2022 
Net cash used by operating activities$(1.5) (76.3)
Net cash used by investing activities (138.5) (52.0)
Net cash provided by financing activities 95.4  98.8 
    
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash (26.0) (11.0)
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash:   
Decrease (70.6) (40.5)
Balance at beginning of period 942.9  1,086.7 
Balance at end of period$872.3  1,046.2 
    
Supplemental Cash Flow Information   
    
Capital expenditures$(32.2) (37.0)
Acquisitions, net of cash acquired (108.1) (11.4)
Depreciation and amortization 54.8  61.0 
Cash paid for income taxes, net (14.6) (31.3)


About The Brink’s Company

The Brink’s Company (NYSE:BCO) is the global leader in total cash management, route-based secure logistics and payment solutions including cash-in-transit, ATM services, cash management services (including vault outsourcing, money processing and intelligent safe services), and international transportation of valuables. Our customers include financial institutions, retailers, government agencies, mints, jewelers and other commercial operations. Our global network of operations in 53 countries serves customers in more than 100 countries. For more information, please visit our website at www.brinks.com or call 804-289-9709.

Forward-Looking Statements
This release contains forward-looking information. Words such as "anticipate," "assume," "estimate," "expect," “target” "project," "predict," "intend," "plan," "believe," "potential," "may," "should" and similar expressions may identify forward-looking information. Forward-looking information in these materials includes, but is not limited to: 2022 outlook, including revenue, operating profit, adjusted EBITDA, earnings per share, and free cash flow (and drivers thereof), 2024 financial targets, strategic targets and initiatives, expected economic recovery, and the impact of macroeconomic factors, including related to inflation and supply chain issues. Forward-looking information in this document is subject to known and unknown risks, uncertainties and contingencies, which are difficult to predict or quantify, and which could cause actual results, performance or achievements to differ materially from those that are anticipated.

Forward-looking information in this document is subject to known and unknown risks, uncertainties and contingencies, which are difficult to predict or quantify, and which could cause actual results, performance or achievements to differ materially from those that are anticipated. These risks, uncertainties and contingencies, many of which are beyond our control, include, but are not limited to: our ability to improve profitability and execute further cost and operational improvement and efficiencies in our core businesses; our ability to improve service levels and quality in our core businesses; market volatility and commodity price fluctuations; general economic issues, including inflation, and interest rate increases; seasonality, pricing and other competitive industry factors; investment in information technology (“IT”) and its impact on revenue and profit growth; our ability to maintain an effective IT infrastructure and safeguard confidential information; our ability to effectively develop and implement solutions for our customers; risks associated with operating in foreign countries, including changing political, labor and economic conditions (including political conflict or unrest), regulatory issues (including the imposition of international sanctions, including by the U.S. government), currency restrictions and devaluations, restrictions on and cost of repatriating earnings and capital, impact on the Company’s financial results as a result of jurisdictions determined to be highly inflationary, and restrictive government actions, including nationalization; higher-than-expected inflation; labor issues, including labor shortages negotiations with organized labor and work stoppages; pandemics (including the ongoing Covid-19 pandemic and related impact to and restrictions on the actions of businesses and consumers, including suppliers and customers), acts of terrorism, strikes or other extraordinary events that negatively affect global or regional cash commerce; anticipated cash needs in light of our current liquidity position and the impact of Covid-19 on our liquidity; the strength of the U.S. dollar relative to foreign currencies and foreign currency exchange rates; our ability to identify, evaluate and complete acquisitions and other strategic transactions and to successfully integrate acquired companies; costs related to dispositions and product or market exits; our ability to obtain appropriate insurance coverage, positions taken by insurers relative to claims and the financial condition of insurers; safety and security performance and loss experience; employee and environmental liabilities in connection with former coal operations, including black lung claims; the impact of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act on legacy liabilities and ongoing operations; funding requirements, accounting treatment, and investment performance of our pension plans, the VEBA and other employee benefits; changes to estimated liabilities and assets in actuarial assumptions; the nature of hedging relationships and counterparty risk; access to the capital and credit markets; our ability to realize deferred tax assets; the outcome of pending and future claims, litigation, and administrative proceedings; public perception of our business, reputation and brand; changes in estimates and assumptions underlying critical accounting policies; the promulgation and adoption of new accounting standards, new government regulations and interpretation of existing standards and regulations.

This list of risks, uncertainties and contingencies is not intended to be exhaustive. Additional factors that could cause our results to differ materially from those described in the forward-looking statements can be found under "Risk Factors" in Item 1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the period ended December 31, 2021, and in related disclosures in our other public filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. The forward-looking information included in this document is representative only as of the date of this document and The Brink's Company undertakes no obligation to update any information contained in this document.


The Brink’s Company and subsidiaries

Segment Results: 2021 and 2022 (Unaudited)
(In millions, except for percentages)

 Revenues
  2021   2022 
 1Q 2Q 3Q 4Q Full Year 1Q
Revenues:           
North America$317.1  356.8  360.7  372.5  1,407.1  $368.8 
Latin America 269.7  272.8  289.3  294.2  1,126.0   291.3 
Europe 214.4  230.8  238.0  234.1  917.3   222.1 
Rest of World 176.5  188.4  187.5  197.4  749.8   191.8 
Segment revenues - GAAP and Non-GAAP$977.7  1,048.8  1,075.5  1,098.2  4,200.2  $1,074.0 
            
 Operating Profit
  2021   2022 
 1Q 2Q 3Q 4Q Full Year 1Q
Operating profit:           
North America(a)$32.3  41.1  25.0  50.0  148.4  $24.4 
Latin America 58.7  57.1  64.6  76.9  257.3   63.0 
Europe 10.6  18.7  28.1  32.4  89.8   14.8 
Rest of World 30.4  31.9  31.9  37.3  131.5   33.1 
Corporate(a) (41.9) (38.2) (33.7) (42.7) (156.5)  (23.2)
Non-GAAP 90.1  110.6  115.9  153.9  470.5   112.1 
            
Other items not allocated to segments(b)           
Reorganization and Restructuring (6.6) (15.1) (14.0) (7.9) (43.6)  (11.7)
Acquisitions and dispositions (18.7) (20.5) (16.6) (16.1) (71.9)  (15.2)
Argentina highly inflationary impact (3.9) (2.6) (2.3) (3.1) (11.9)  (6.1)
Change in allowance estimate            (16.7)
Chile antitrust matter     (9.5)   (9.5)   
Internal loss 0.8  0.9  0.7  18.7  21.1    
GAAP$61.7  73.3  74.2  145.5  354.7  $62.4 
            
 Margin
  2021   2022 
 1Q 2Q 3Q 4Q Full Year 1Q
Margin:           
North America 10.2% 11.5  6.9  13.4  10.5   6.6%
Latin America 21.8  20.9  22.3  26.1  22.9   21.6 
Europe 4.9  8.1  11.8  13.8  9.8   6.7 
Rest of World 17.2  16.9  17.0  18.9  17.5   17.3 
Non-GAAP 9.2  10.5  10.8  14.0  11.2   10.4 
            
Other items not allocated to segments(b) (2.9) (3.5) (3.9) (0.8) (2.8)  (4.6)
GAAP 6.3% 7.0  6.9  13.2  8.4   5.8%


(a)In the first quarter of 2021, we changed the method for calculating the allowance for doubtful accounts of the North America segment’s U.S. business. This change in method resulted in a $12.3 million operating profit increase in the segment, which was offset by a $12.3 million increase to Corporate expense, resulting in no impact to consolidated operating profit for the quarter. Historically, all Brink’s business units followed an internal Company policy for determining an allowance for doubtful accounts and the allowances were then reconciled to the required U.S. GAAP estimated consolidated allowance, with any differences reported as part of Corporate expense. Other than for the U.S. business, the reconciling differences were not significant. We changed the U.S. calculation of the allowance in order to more closely align it with the U.S. GAAP consolidated calculation and to minimize reconciling differences, resulting in the offsetting $12.3 million adjustments to align the methods.
(b)See explanation of items on page 8.


The Brink’s Company and subsidiaries

Other Items Not Allocated To Segments (Unaudited)
(In millions)

Brink’s measures its segment results before income and expenses for corporate activities and for certain other items. See below for a summary of the other items not allocated to segments.

Reorganization and Restructuring Management periodically implements restructuring actions in targeted sections of our business. As a result of these actions, we recognized $11.7 million net costs in the first three months of 2022, primarily severance costs. The majority of the costs from 2022 restructuring plans result from the exit of a line of business in a specific geography with most of the remaining costs due to management initiatives to address the COVID-19 pandemic. We recognized $43.6 million net costs in 2021, primarily severance costs. For the restructuring actions that have not yet been completed, we expect to incur additional costs between $3 million and $5 million in future periods.

Due to the unique circumstances around these charges, these management-directed items have not been allocated to segment results and are excluded from non-GAAP results.

Acquisitions and dispositions Certain acquisition and disposition items that are not considered part of the ongoing activities of the
business and are special in nature are consistently excluded from non-GAAP results. These items are described below:
2022 Acquisitions and Dispositions

  • Amortization expense for acquisition-related intangible assets was $12.6 million in the first three months of 2022.
  • We incurred $0.9 million in integration costs, primarily related to PAI and G4S, in the first three months of 2022.
  • Transaction costs related to business acquisitions were $0.4 million in the first three months of 2022.
  • Restructuring costs related to acquisitions were $0.1 million in the first three months of 2022.
  • Compensation expense related to the retention of key PAI employees was $1.0 million in the first three months of 2022.

2021 Acquisitions and Dispositions

  • Amortization expense for acquisition-related intangible assets was $47.7 million in 2021.
  • We incurred $10.5 million in integration costs, primarily related to G4S, in 2021.
  • Transaction costs related to business acquisitions were $6.5 million in 2021.
  • Restructuring costs related to acquisitions were $5.3 million in 2021.
  • Compensation expense related to the retention of key PAI employees was $1.8 million in 2021.

Argentina highly inflationary impact Beginning in the third quarter of 2018, we designated Argentina's economy as highly inflationary for accounting purposes. As a result, Argentine peso-denominated monetary assets and liabilities are now remeasured at each balance sheet date to the currency exchange rate then in effect, with currency remeasurement gains and losses recognized in earnings. In addition, nonmonetary assets retain a higher historical basis when the currency is devalued. The higher historical basis results in incremental expense being recognized when the nonmonetary assets are consumed. In the first three months of 2022, we recognized $6.1 million in pretax charges related to highly inflationary accounting, including currency remeasurement losses of $4.9 million. In 2021, we recognized $11.9 million in pretax charges related to highly inflationary accounting, including currency remeasurement losses of $9.0 million. These amounts are excluded from non-GAAP results.

Change in allowance estimate In the first quarter of 2022, we refined our global methodology of estimating the allowance for doubtful accounts. Our previous method to estimate currently expected credit losses in receivables (the allowance) was weighted significantly to a review of historical loss rates and specific identification of higher risk customer accounts. It also considered current and expected economic conditions, particularly the effects of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, in determining an appropriate allowance. As many of our regions begin to recover from the pandemic, we have re-assessed those earlier assumptions and estimates. Our updated method now also includes an estimated allowance for accounts receivable significantly past due in order to adjust for at-risk receivables not captured in our previous method. As part of the analysis under the updated estimation methodology, we noted an increase in accounts receivable significantly past due, particularly in the U.S., and we recorded an additional allowance of $16.7 million. Due to the fact that management has excluded these amounts when evaluating internal performance, we have excluded this charge from segment and non-GAAP results.

Chile antitrust matter In October 2021, the Chilean antitrust agency filed a complaint alleging that Brink’s Chile (as well as competitor companies) engaged in collusion in 2017 and 2018 and requested that the court approve a fine of $30.5 million. The Company has not had access to the investigative file nor to its evidence supporting the allegations. Based on available information to date, we recorded a charge of $9.5 million in the third quarter of 2021 in connection with this matter. Due to its special nature, this charge has not been allocated to segment results and is excluded from non-GAAP results.

Internal loss A former non-management employee in our U.S. global services operations embezzled funds from Brink's in prior years. In an effort to cover up the embezzlement, the former employee intentionally misstated the underlying accounts receivable subledger data. As a result, we estimated an increase to bad debt expense of $26.7 million through the end of 2020. In 2021, we recognized a decrease in bad debt expense of $3.7 million, primarily related to collection of these receivables. We also recognized $1.3 million of legal charges in 2021 as we attempted to collect additional insurance recoveries related to these receivables losses. In the fourth quarter of 2021, we successfully collected $18.8 million of insurance recoveries related to these internal losses. In the first three months of 2022, we did not incur any charges related to the internal loss. Due to the unusual nature of this internal loss and the related errors in the subledger data, along with the fact that management has excluded these amounts when evaluating internal performance, we have excluded these net charges from segment and non-GAAP results.

The Brink’s Company and subsidiaries
Non-GAAP Results Reconciled to GAAP (Unaudited)
(In millions, except for percentages and per share amounts)

Non-GAAP results described in this press release are financial measures that are not required by or presented in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”). The purpose of the Non-GAAP results is to report financial information from the primary operations of our business by excluding the effects of certain income and expenses that do not reflect the ordinary earnings of our operations. The specific items excluded have not been allocated to segments, are described on page 8 and in more detail in our Form 10-Q, and are reconciled to comparable GAAP measures below. In addition, we refer to non-GAAP constant currency amounts, which represent current period results and forecasts at prior period exchange rates.

Non-GAAP results adjust the quarterly Non-GAAP tax rates so that the Non-GAAP tax rate in each of the quarters is equal to the full-year estimated Non-GAAP tax rate. The full-year Non-GAAP tax rate in both years excludes certain pretax and income tax amounts. Amounts reported for prior periods have been updated in this report to present information consistently for all periods presented.

The 2022 Non-GAAP outlook amounts for operating profit, EPS from continuing operations, free cash flow before dividends and Adjusted EBITDA cannot be reconciled to GAAP without unreasonable effort. We cannot reconcile these amounts to GAAP because we are unable to accurately forecast the impact of highly inflationary accounting on our Argentina operations or other potential Non-GAAP adjusting items for which the timing and amounts are currently under review, such as future restructuring actions. We are also unable to forecast changes in cash held for customer obligations or proceeds from the sale of property, equipment and investments in 2022. The impact of highly inflationary accounting and other potential Non-GAAP adjusting items could be significant to our GAAP results.

The Non-GAAP financial measures are intended to provide investors with a supplemental comparison of our operating results and trends for the periods presented. Our management believes these measures are also useful to investors as such measures allow investors to evaluate our performance using the same metrics that our management uses to evaluate past performance and prospects for future performance. We do not consider these items to be reflective of our operating performance as they result from events and circumstances that are not a part of our core business. Additionally, non-GAAP results are utilized as performance measures in certain management incentive compensation plans. Non-GAAP results should not be considered as an alternative to revenue, income or earnings per share amounts determined in accordance with GAAP and should be read in conjunction with their GAAP counterparts. Non-GAAP financial measures may not be comparable to Non-GAAP financial measures presented by other companies.

Non-GAAP Results Reconciled to GAAP

 YTD '21 YTD '22
 Pre-tax income Income taxes Effective tax rate Pre-tax income Income taxes Effective tax rate
Effective Income Tax Rate           
GAAP$29.0  13.6  46.9% $33.2 (41.1) (123.8)%
Retirement plans(c) 6.4  1.9     3.1 0.7   
Reorganization and Restructuring(a) 6.6  1.6     11.7 1.2   
Acquisitions and dispositions(a) 19.2  0.5     14.9 0.8   
Argentina highly inflationary impact(a) 3.9  (0.3)    6.7 (0.2)  
Change in allowance estimate(a)        16.7 4.0   
Valuation allowance on tax credits(f)         58.3   
Internal loss(a) (0.8) (0.4)        
Income tax rate adjustment(b)   4.7      4.1   
Non-GAAP$64.3  21.6  33.6% $86.3 27.8  32.2%


Amounts may not add due to rounding.
(a)See “Other Items Not Allocated To Segments” on pages 7-8 for details. We do not consider these items to be reflective of our operating performance as they result from events and circumstances that are not a part of our core business.
(b)Non-GAAP income from continuing operations and non-GAAP EPS have been adjusted to reflect an effective income tax rate in each interim period equal to the full-year non-GAAP effective income tax rate. The full-year non-GAAP effective tax rate is estimated at 32.2% for 2022 and was 33.6% for 2021.
(c)Our U.S. retirement plans are frozen and costs related to these plans are excluded from non-GAAP results. Certain non-U.S. operations also have retirement plans. Settlement charges and curtailment gains related to these non-U.S. plans are also excluded from non-GAAP results.
(d)There is no difference between GAAP and non-GAAP share-based compensation amounts for the periods presented.
(e)Due to the impact of Argentina highly inflationary accounting, there was a $0.6 million non-GAAP adjustment for a loss in the first quarter of 2022. There is no difference between GAAP and non-GAAP marketable securities gain and loss amounts for the other periods presented.
(f)In the first quarter of 2022, we released a portion of our valuation allowance on certain U.S. deferred tax assets primarily related to foreign tax credit carryforward attributes. The valuation allowance release was due to new foreign tax credit regulations published by the U.S. Treasury in January 2022.
(g)There was a change in judgement resulting in a valuation allowance against certain tax attributes with a limited statutory carryforward period that are no longer more-likely-than-not to be realized due to lower than expected Canada operating results.
(h)Adjusted EBITDA is defined as non-GAAP income from continuing operations excluding the impact of non-GAAP interest expense, non-GAAP income tax provision, non-GAAP depreciation and amortization, non-GAAP share-based compensation and non-GAAP marketable securities (gain) loss.


The Brink’s Company and subsidiaries
Non-GAAP Results Reconciled to GAAP (Unaudited) - continued
(In millions, except for percentages and per share amounts)

  2021   2022 
 1Q 2Q 3Q 4Q Full Year 1Q
            
Revenues:           
GAAP$977.7  1,048.8  1,075.5  1,098.2  4,200.2  $1,074.0 
Non-GAAP$977.7  1,048.8  1,075.5  1,098.2  4,200.2  $1,074.0 
            
Operating profit (loss):           
GAAP$61.7  73.3  74.2  145.5  354.7  $62.4 
Reorganization and Restructuring(a) 6.6  15.1  14.0  7.9  43.6   11.7 
Acquisitions and dispositions(a) 18.7  20.5  16.6  16.1  71.9   15.2 
Argentina highly inflationary impact(a) 3.9  2.6  2.3  3.1  11.9   6.1 
Change in allowance estimate(a)            16.7 
Chile antitrust matter(a)     9.5    9.5    
Internal loss(a) (0.8) (0.9) (0.7) (18.7) (21.1)   
Non-GAAP$90.1  110.6  115.9  153.9  470.5  $112.1 
            
Operating margin:           
GAAP margin 6.3% 7.0% 6.9% 13.2% 8.4%  5.8%
            
Non-GAAP margin 9.2% 10.5% 10.8% 14.0% 11.2%  10.4%
            
Interest expense:           
GAAP$(27.2) (28.2) (27.6) (29.2) (112.2) $(27.9)
Acquisitions and dispositions(a) 0.3  0.5  0.3  0.2  1.3   0.4 
Non-GAAP$(26.9) (27.7) (27.3) (29.0) (110.9) $(27.5)
            
Interest and other income (expense):           
GAAP$(5.5) 4.6  (0.7) (5.4) (7.0) $(1.3)
Retirement plans(c) 6.4  6.7  7.2  9.5  29.8   3.1 
Acquisitions and dispositions(a) 0.2  (1.2) (3.3) (0.1) (4.4)  (0.7)
Argentina highly inflationary impact(a)       0.4  0.4   0.6 
Non-GAAP$1.1  10.1  3.2  4.4  18.8  $1.7 
            
Taxes:           
GAAP$13.6  22.7  22.9  61.1  120.3  $(41.1)
Retirement plans(c) 1.9  1.8  1.2  2.8  7.7   0.7 
Reorganization and Restructuring(a) 1.6  3.7  3.9  2.5  11.7   1.2 
Acquisitions and dispositions(a) 0.5  1.7  1.2  (0.9) 2.5   0.8 
Argentina highly inflationary impact(a) (0.3) (0.3) (0.3) (0.2) (1.1)  (0.2)
Change in allowance estimate(a)            4.0 
Valuation allowance on tax credits(f)            58.3 
Internal loss(a) (0.4) (0.3) (0.1) (0.5) (1.3)   
Deferred tax valuation allowance(g)       (12.8) (12.8)   
Income tax rate adjustment(b) 4.7  1.9  2.0  (8.6)    4.1 
Non-GAAP$21.6  31.2  30.8  43.4  127.0  $27.8 
            
Noncontrolling interests:           
GAAP$2.7  3.0  4.0  2.4  12.1  $2.9 
Reorganization and Restructuring(a) 0.1  0.4      0.5    
Acquisitions and dispositions(a) 0.5  (0.1) 0.2  0.3  0.9   0.3 
Income tax rate adjustment(b) (0.7) 0.4  (0.3) 0.6     (0.4)
Non-GAAP$2.6  3.7  3.9  3.3  13.5  $2.8 

Amounts may not add due to rounding.   
See page 9 for footnote explanations.

  2021   2022 
 1Q 2Q 3Q 4Q Full Year 1Q
            
Income (loss) from continuing operations attributable to Brink's:           
GAAP$12.7  24.0  19.0  47.4  103.1  $71.4 
Retirement plans(c) 4.5  4.9  6.0  6.7  22.1   2.4 
Reorganization and Restructuring(a) 4.9  11.0  10.1  5.4  31.4   10.5 
Acquisitions and dispositions(a) 18.2  18.2  12.2  16.8  65.4   13.8 
Argentina highly inflationary impact(a) 4.2  2.9  2.6  3.7  13.4   6.9 
Change in allowance estimate(a)            12.7 
Valuation allowance on tax credits(f)            (58.3)
Chile antitrust matter(a)     9.5    9.5    
Internal loss(a) (0.4) (0.6) (0.6) (18.2) (19.8)   
Deferred tax valuation allowance(g)       12.8  12.8    
Income tax rate adjustment(b) (4.0) (2.3) (1.7) 8.0     (3.7)
Non-GAAP$40.1  58.1  57.1  82.6  237.9  $55.7 
            
Adjusted EBITDA(h):           
Net income (loss) attributable to Brink's - GAAP$12.7  23.9  19.0  49.6  105.2  $71.3 
Interest expense - GAAP 27.2  28.2  27.6  29.2  112.2   27.9 
Income tax provision - GAAP 13.6  22.7  22.9  61.1  120.3   (41.1)
Depreciation and amortization - GAAP 54.8  61.7  61.6  61.4  239.5   61.0 
EBITDA$108.3  136.5  131.1  201.3  577.2  $119.1 
Discontinued operations - GAAP   0.1    (2.2) (2.1)  0.1 
Retirement plans(c) 6.4  6.7  7.2  9.5  29.8   3.1 
Reorganization and Restructuring(a) 6.4  14.6  13.7  8.1  42.8   11.7 
Acquisitions and dispositions(a) 8.5  6.6  0.4  3.3  18.8   1.5 
Argentina highly inflationary impact(a) 3.4  2.1  1.7  2.9  10.1   6.0 
Change in allowance estimate(a)            16.7 
Chile antitrust matter(a)     9.5    9.5    
Internal loss(a) (0.8) (0.9) (0.7) (18.7) (21.1)   
Income tax rate adjustment(b) 0.7  (0.4) 0.3  (0.6)    0.4 
Share-based compensation(d) 7.6  11.1  9.2  6.1  34.0   7.1 
Marketable securities (gain) loss(e) (3.4) (10.8) (2.1) (0.1) (16.4)  (0.3)
Adjusted EBITDA$137.1  165.6  170.3  209.6  682.6  $165.4 


            
EPS:           
GAAP$0.25  0.47  0.38  0.97  2.06  $1.48 
Retirement plans(c) 0.09  0.10  0.12  0.14  0.44   0.05 
Reorganization and Restructuring costs(a) 0.10  0.22  0.20  0.11  0.63   0.22 
Acquisitions and dispositions(a) 0.36  0.36  0.24  0.34  1.31   0.29 
Argentina highly inflationary impact(a) 0.08  0.06  0.05  0.08  0.27   0.14 
Change in allowance estimate(a)            0.26 
Valuation allowance on tax credits(f)            (1.21)
Chile antitrust matter(a)     0.19    0.19    
Internal loss(a) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.37) (0.40)   
Deferred tax valuation allowance(g)       0.26  0.26    
Income tax rate adjustment(b) (0.08) (0.05) (0.03) 0.16     (0.08)
Non-GAAP$0.79  1.15  1.14  1.68  4.75  $1.15 
            
Depreciation and Amortization:           
GAAP$54.8  61.7  61.6  61.4  239.5  $61.0 
Reorganization and Restructuring costs(a) (0.1) (0.1) (0.3) 0.2  (0.3)   
Acquisitions and dispositions(a) (9.9) (12.8) (12.7) (12.4) (47.8)  (12.7)
Argentina highly inflationary impact(a) (0.5) (0.5) (0.6) (0.6) (2.2)  (0.7)
Non-GAAP$44.3  48.3  48.0  48.6  189.2  $47.6 

Amounts may not add due to rounding.   
See page 9 for footnote explanations.

 Three Months Ended March 31, 2022
  
Free cash flow before dividends: 
Cash flows from operating activities 
Operating activities - GAAP$(76.3)
Decrease in restricted cash held for customers 52.5 
Decrease in certain customer obligations(a) 0.1 
Operating activities - non-GAAP$(23.7)
Capital expenditures - GAAP (37.0)
Proceeds from sale of property, equipment and investments 1.2 
Free cash flow before dividends$(59.5)


(a)To adjust for the change in the balance of customer obligations related to cash received and processed in certain of our secure Cash Management Services operations. The title to this cash transfers to us for a short period of time. The cash is generally credited to customers’ accounts the following day and we do not consider it as available for general corporate purposes in the management of our liquidity and capital resources.


Free cash flow before dividends is a supplemental financial measure that is not required by, or presented in accordance with GAAP. The purpose of this non-GAAP measure is to report financial information excluding the change in restricted cash held for customers, the impact of cash received and processed in certain of our secure cash management services operations, capital expenditures, payments made to G4S for net intercompany receivables from the acquired subsidiaries, and to include proceeds from the sale of property, equipment and investments. We believe this measure is helpful in assessing cash flows from operations, enables period-to-period comparability and is useful in predicting future cash flows. This non-GAAP measure should not be considered as an alternative to cash flows from operating activities determined in accordance with GAAP and should be read in conjunction with our condensed consolidated statements of cash flows.